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Global Safeguards and Security Education Center

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Safeguards/Nuclear Material Control 

Nuclear Material Control and Accounting—Seminar (1–4 days, depending on audience needs)

Description: This course defines material control and accountability (MC&A) and describes systems designed to establish and track inventory, control access, and detect loss or diversion of nuclear material. Discussion includes administrative controls, activities, devices and equipment, and procedures found in comprehensive systems.

Target audience: Safeguards managers, nuclear facility managers, and security specialists.

POC: Bill Hopwood, 865.241.3143, hopwoodwhjr@ornl.gov           Register Interest

 

Nonproliferation Measurement Workshop—TAMU or other universities (5 days)

Description: As part of ORNL’s university outreach, the Safeguards Laboratory offers its laboratory space, equipment, technical expertise, and services to the Nuclear Engineering Department at Texas A&M University (TAMU), as well as other universities, to assess the teaching effectiveness of the hands-on portion of a radiation detection/measurements course. This provides the opportunity to evaluate existing nuclear measurements laboratories and their associated equipment in terms of cost and effectiveness as teaching tools.

POC: Linda Paschal, 865.241.7636, paschallj@ornl.gov                  Register Interest

 

NDA Primer (for those with a nontechnical background)—Course (2 days)

Description: Introduction to nondestructive assay (NDA) techniques, measurement technologies, and equipment used in safeguards.

POC: Linda Paschal, 865.241.7636, paschallj@ornl.gov                   Register Interest

 

Basic Non-destructive Assay (NDA) (technical background or experience required)—Course (3–5 days)

Description: Basic NDA course for students who will be performing as NDA technicians or beginning to mid-level professionals. This course provides overviews of fundamentals of radiation physics (correction techniques, error propagation, measurement bias calculation). It also includes measurement and quantification of radionuclides by gamma-ray spectrometry and neutron coincidence counting.

POC: Linda Paschal, 865.241.7636, paschallj@ornl.gov                    Register Interest

 

Principles of Nuclear Material Process Holdup—Course (3–5 days)

Description: “Holdup” is the residual amount of Special Nuclear Material (SNM) remaining in a processing facility after the bulk materials have been cleaned out. Good accounting and control of materials in process streams is vital to prevent theft/diversion, loss to the environment, and unidentified/unmeasured waste and to minimize inventory differences in the process. This course applies and builds upon techniques covered in Basic NDA to perform accountability assays, taking into account material composition and distribution, intervening absorbers between source and detector, and interferences from background radiation.

POC: Linda Paschal, 865.241.7636, paschallj@ornl.gov                     Register Interest

 

Automated Holdup Measurements: a Hands-on Approach to Applied Process Measurements—Course (1 week)

Description: Builds upon Principles of Nuclear Material Process Holdup, extending to automated measurements using the Holdup Measurement System 4 approach.

POC: Linda Paschal, 865.241.7636, paschallj@ornl.gov                      Register Interest

 

NDA for Criticality Safety Practitioners (limited to Criticality Safety Analysts)—Course (1 day)  

Description: Introduction to techniques, measurement technologies, and equipment used in safeguards and materials control and accounting, including how they relate to criticality safety issues.

POC: Linda Paschal, 865.241.7636, paschallj@ornl.gov                       Register Interest

 

Nuclear Material Accounting for Uranium Enrichment Plants—Course (1 week: ~30 hours of lecture plus exercises)

Description: Designed to train inspectors on safeguards-relevant features of enrichment plant design and operations. Describes normal material flows and operations and presents credible diversion and undeclared production scenarios. Describes international safeguards objectives and inspection tools.

Target audience: Inspectors, but also useful for policy makers, analysts, plant operators, and safeguards technology developers.

POC: Michael Whitaker, 865.576.1682, whitakerjm@ornl.gov                Register Interest

 

Implementing IAEA Safeguards in the United States—Seminar/workshop (4–8 hours)

Description: Explains the process of making U.S. facilities compliant with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards requirements. Provides a history of application of safeguards at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities and provides lessons learned.

Target audience: Facility operators, regulators, and those involved with international safeguards.

POC: Michael Whitaker, 865.576.1682, whitakerjm@ornl.gov                 Register Interest

 

Facility Systems for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials—Workshop (2–5 days)

Description: Explains how to establish accounting and control systems at a facility to report to a national system. Includes demonstrations of accounting and control instruments and procedures.

Target audience: Facility operators.

POC: Bill Hopwood, 865.241.3143, hopwoodwhjr@ornl.gov                     Register Interest

 

Portal Monitor Fundamentals-—Workshop (2 days)

Description: The course trains the participant on the basics of operation of PVT (polyvinyl toluene) radiation portal monitors, as well as, comparing this capability with several other radiation detectors namely, sodium iodide and high purity germanium detectors.  The participants are also taught the statistics behind the algorithm for making the alarm decisions and the importance of solid angle calculations.  The training also includes specific operational issues noted from previous installations.  Finally a review of the data analysis conducted at the ORNL of the data that is received from the portal monitors.  Participants are trained on the important parameters and the relationship to sustainability efforts.

Target audience:  Technical and non-technical personnel responsible for the installation of radiation portal monitors at border crossing, seaports, and airports with the intent to deter, detect and interdict  the illicit trafficking of special nuclear and other radiological materials through the normal flow of commerce.

POC: Machelle Sumner, 865.574.6447, sumnertm@ornl.gov                     Register Interest